You can overcome addiction and get your life back.
You may be asking a lot of questions right now. You did not get to where you are over night and to even be looking at this page is a big first step. Congratulations – you have already gone one step further than many with substance or alcohol addiction. You have admitted there is a problem.
So how bad is it? Here is what the DSM V asks psychiatrists and counselors to use when evaluating a patient for substance use disorders. (The latest DSM V does not use the term substance abuse or dependence any more)
Browse these questions and keep track of your answers. Consider your experience over the past twelve years.
Lack of control – The substance is used in larger amounts or over a longer time than the person originally intended.
Desire to limit use – Wanting to cut back on use but being unable to do so.
Time spent – A considerable amount of time is spent trying to acquire a substance.
Cravings – The user experiences an intense desire or urge to use their drug.
Lack of responsibility – Substance use takes priority over work, school or home obligations.
Problems with relationships – Interpersonal relationships are consistently strained from drug use.
Loss of interest – User stops engaging in important social or recreational activities in favor of drug use.
Dangerous use – Continued use despite dangerous circumstances.
Worsening situations – Continued use despite worsened physical or psychological problems.
Tolerance – A need for larger amounts of the substance to achieve desired effects.
Withdrawal – This can be physical and emotional. Side effects may include: anxiety, irritability, nausea and vomiting.
The DSM V diagnoses substance use disorders on a spectrum. If 2-3 of the above criteria apply to someone within a given 12-year period, they are considered to have a mild substance use disorder; the presence of 4-5 suggest a moderate disorder; 6 or more indicate a severe problem.
Alcohol Use Disorder is very common and is rated by the DSM V manual in three progressive grades.
Moderate Drinking: One drink a day for women and two drinks per day for men. This is somewhat normal social level drinking and may or may not be a problem for you. (See test to the right).
Binge Drinking: SAMHSA defines binge drinking as drinking 5 or more alcoholic drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) defines binge drinking as a pattern of drinking that produces blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) of greater than 0.08 g/dL. This usually occurs after 4 drinks for women and 5 drinks for men over a 2 hour period. This is more severe, if this is you you might want to seek help with outpatient treatment or Alcoholics Anonymous.
Heavy Drinking: SAMHSA defines heavy drinking as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days. This stage, including any heavier use, is cause for concern. It is generally not considered normal and if you have not experienced any of the consequences listed to the right you will soon.
According to the CDC, more than 480,000 deaths each year are caused by cigarette smoking. Tobacco use and smoking do damage to nearly every organ in the human body, often leading to lung cancer, respiratory disorders, heart disease, stroke, and other illnesses.
In 2014, an estimated 66.9 million Americans aged 12 or older were current users of a tobacco product (25.2%). Young adults aged 18 to 25 had the highest rate of current use of a tobacco product (35%), followed by adults aged 26 or older (25.8%), and by youths aged 12 to 17 (7%).
In 2014, the prevalence of current use of a tobacco product was 37.8% for American Indians or Alaska Natives, 27.6% for whites, 26.6% for blacks, 30.6% for Native Hawaiians or other Pacific Islanders, 18.8% for Hispanics, and 10.2% for Asians.
Cannabis is widely abused in the U.S. and with the recent legalization efforts it has become more mainstream. Cannabis is still a drug and its use and overuse can be addictive and harmful.
In 2014, about 22.2 million people ages 12 and up reported using marijuana during the past month.
Also in 2014, there were 2.6 million people in that age range who had used marijuana for the first time within the past 12 months. People between the ages of 12 and 49 report first using the drug at an average age of 18.5.
4.2 million people in the past year (2014) had used marijuana to a point where they meet the criteria for substance use disorder.
Some symptoms of cannabis use disorder include disruptions in functioning due to cannabis use, the development of tolerance, cravings for cannabis, and the development of withdrawal symptoms, such as the inability to sleep, restlessness, nervousness, anger, or depression within a week of ceasing heavy use.
Hallucinogen Use Disorder
Hallucinogens can be chemically synthesized (as with lysergic acid diethylamide or LSD) or may occur naturally (as with psilocybin mushrooms, peyote). These drugs can produce visual and auditory hallucinations, feelings of detachment from one’s environment and oneself, and distortions in time and perception.
In 2014, approximately 246,000 Americans had a hallucinogen use disorder. Symptoms of hallucinogen use disorder include craving for hallucinogens, failure to control use when attempted, continued use despite interference with major obligations or social functioning, use of larger amounts over time, use in risky situations like driving, development of tolerance, and spending a great deal of time to obtain and use hallucinogens.
Stimulant Use Disorder
Stimulants are a class of drugs that increase hear rate, respiration, blood pressure and energy. Stimulants have been used for many years for medical purposes.
Amphetamines are present in many common ADHD drugs like Ritalin, Adderal and Concerta.
The most commonly abused stimulants are amphetamines, methamphetamine, and cocaine. Stimulants can be synthetic (such as amphetamines) or can be plant-derived (such as cocaine). They are usually taken orally, snorted, or intravenously.
In 2014, an estimated 913,000 people ages 12 and older had a stimulant use disorder because of cocaine use, and an estimated 476,000 people had a stimulant use disorder as a result of using other stimulants besides methamphetamines. In 2014, almost 569,000 people in the United States ages 12 and up reported using methamphetamines in the past month.
Symptoms of stimulant use disorders include craving for stimulants, failure to control use when attempted, continued use despite interference with major obligations or social functioning, use of larger amounts over time, development of tolerance, spending a great deal of time to obtain and use stimulants, and withdrawal symptoms that occur after stopping or reducing use, including fatigue, vivid and unpleasant dreams, sleep problems, increased appetite, or irregular problems in controlling movement.
Opioid Use Disorder
Opioids reduce the perception of pain but can also produce drowsiness, mental confusion, euphoria, nausea, constipation, and, depending upon the amount of drug taken, can depress respiration. Illegal opioid drugs, such as heroin and legally available pain relievers such as oxycodone and hydrocodone can cause serious health effects in those who misuse them. Some people experience a euphoric response to opioid medications, and it is common that people misusing opioids try to intensify their experience by snorting or injecting them. These methods increase their risk for serious medical complications, including overdose. Other users have switched from prescription opiates to heroin as a result of availability and lower price. Because of variable purity and other chemicals and drugs mixed with heroin on the black market, this also increases risk of overdose. Overdoses with opioid pharmaceuticals led to almost 17,000 deaths in 2011. Since 1999, opiate overdose deaths have increased 265% among men and 400% among women.
In 2014, an estimated 1.9 million people had an opioid use disorder related to prescription pain relievers and an estimated 586,000 had an opioid use disorder related to heroin use.
Symptoms of opioid use disorders include strong desire for opioids, inability to control or reduce use, continued use despite interference with major obligations or social functioning, use of larger amounts over time, development of tolerance, spending a great deal of time to obtain and use opioids, and withdrawal symptoms that occur after stopping or reducing use, such as negative mood, nausea or vomiting, muscle aches, diarrhea, fever, and insomnia.
You have been drinking, drugging abusing substances and your family and friends. How many have given up on you? How many are still by your side?
It can be very overwhelming and tragic to really peer inside and try and answer these questions. The great news is though – Now that you know there is a problem you can DO SOMETHING about it! Empowering right?
We are excited for you and can’t wait to hear your story and help get you placed in a treatment program that works for you and your family. We have treatment programs of all types, Medicare, Medicaid, Private insurance, self pay. Let US do the legwork for you, give us a call we can walk you through the entire process.
You May Be Feeling
Pissed at the World
All of the above
You May Be Thinking
How did I get here?
I am worthless
I can’t believe I failed again
I don’t deserve this
What am I going to do next?
What will my boss/kids/spouse/some other person think?
How much is THIS going to cost me?
Is this time different?
How will I get out of it this time?
All of the above
Yep We Have Been There
Read around the site or pick up the phone, our consultants are waiting to hear your story, and the best part is many of us have been exactly where you are, and lived to talk about it.